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India – great challenges, diverse opportunities

India is a country of contrasts: The world's largest democracy has a very well-educated middle class and, as a high-tech location, is one of the world's most important emerging economies. This makes the country particularly attractive as a sales market, but also for foreign investment. At the same time, 660 million people live on less than 3.5 US dollars a day. As the world's third-largest greenhouse gas emitter, India itself is severely affected by climate change, and its cities can barely cope with the growing influx of the rural population.

For companies that want to invest sustainably in India and thereby generate a positive development effect locally, this situation offers a wide range of opportunities.

1,3 Billion
Fifth largest
economy in the world
Fivefold increase
in renewable energies by 2030

German development policy in India sees a particularly great need for private-sector investment and know-how in the following areas in the coming years.

  • Climate and environmental protection
    India is the world's third-largest emitter of greenhouse gases and at the same time is itself severely affected by the effects of climate change. The pressure on natural resources is great, the groundwater table, for example, has been dropping dramatically for years. Agriculture must become more agro-ecological. These problems cannot be solved without the widespread use of innovative, environmentally friendly technologies. This represents an enormous opportunity for companies with the appropriate know-how.
  • Cities and infrastructure
    The enormous population growth in Indian cities will continue in the coming years. At the same time, resources and infrastructure are already overstretched in many places. Limited access to clean drinking water and sanitation are just two of the Herculean tasks facing India's cities. According to estimates, around 64 percent of the 2030 building stock has yet to be built. Mobility must become predominantly electric, low-emission and also accessible to people. Sustainable, climate-adapted and socially balanced infrastructure projects are therefore a key issue with considerable market potential.
  • Renewable energies
    With a population of around 1.3 billion, the demand for electricity in India is enormous. In order to limit CO2 emissions, the Indian government is planning immense new investments in the energy transition to renewable energies over the next ten years. However, the necessary know-how for implementation is often lacking. This can result in interesting opportunities for companies.

Do you want to sustainably expand your operational activities in India and expect your investment to have a positive effect on the local climate and UN sustainability goals? Then find out now about the funding opportunities under develoPPP Classic!

Training courses and the establishment of social standards have improved production conditions in Asia.

Together with the NGO Don Bosco Mondo, the company Lorch Schweißtechnik GmbH is set up a targeted training programme for welders.

Through training opportunities, Salcomp Manufacturing promotes quality, environmental and safety standards in the mobile industry.

develoPPP Classic is aimed at established medium-sized and large companies.

develoPPP Ventures is aimed at innovative start-ups with a development-relevant business model that are ready to take the next step.

develoPPP can be applied worldwide in many sectors and subject areas. Learn more about how others are using the programme.

Carolin Welzel Senior Consultant Agency for Business & Economic Development
Hans-Joachim Hebgen Senior Consultant Agency for Business & Economic Development
Daniel Thomann Head of Programme DEG - Deutsche Investitions- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH
Kathinka Kurz Head of Programme Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH